Look at this: "The confidently authoritarian Syria that existed before March 15, 2011 has eroded, its brutal decades-old secular pan-Arab regime is fighting for its existence. It will likely eventually go the way of other brutal decades-old secular pan-Arab regimes, like Hosni Mubarak’s Egypt, Zine El Abidine Ben Ali’s Tunisia and Muammar Qaddafi’s Libya, to be replaced by a more religiously conservative, Sunni Muslim power structure of some sort." Those regimes are acutely qutri (narrow nationalist) regimes and in fact rose to power against the pan-Arab visions or plans of their predecessors (and that is true of Hafidh Al-Asad for example who took his ruling party in an anti-pan Arab direction). As for Husni Mubarak? He is to pan-Arabism what George W. Bush is to communism.